Does Testosterone Improve Athletic Performance?

Written by Ben Bunting: BA, PGCert. (Sport & Exercise Nutrition) // British Army Physical Training Instructor // S&C Coach.


Testosterone is a powerful anabolic hormone that drives muscle growth, so it's no surprise that athletes have long used it as a performance-enhancing drug.

But the question of whether testosterone actually improves athletic performance is still hotly debated.

While some studies have shown that testosterone has a positive effect on female athletic performance, others have found no correlation between it and athletic performance.

That's because testosterone levels can vary from person to person, which makes it difficult to determine a "normal" level.

Furthermore, there are also ethical barriers that would prevent the study and the effects of testosterone supplementation on competitive athletes.

Increased Muscle Mass

Muscles are the body’s “engine” for calorie burning, and gaining muscle mass can lead to reduced body fat, a stronger immune system, improved energy levels, and lower stress.

It is also purorted to improve athletic performance by increasing strength and endurance.

Testosterone is an androgenic hormone that increases the production of muscle proteins. It also has anti-inflammatory properties and can help protect against muscle breakdown.

Therefore, it would suggest that this action results in improved physical performance.

Published research from 1985 shows that testosterone increases muscle protein synthesis and as a result improves muscle hypertrophy,

In addition, testosterone enhances the body’s ability to use oxygen during exercise.

This increased oxygen availability is essential for a healthy cardiovascular system and a strong immune system.

Despite the benefits of testosterone, it can be dangerous to take synthetic androgens, including testosterone without medical supervision. This is because it may lead to adverse side effects.

There are a number of reasons for this, including the possibility of causing anemia, and the increased risk of heart attack and stroke.

Athletes should seek professional advice if they are considering taking testosterone to help build muscle and increase their athletic performance. However, they must also be sure that it doesn't contravene any regulations which could lead to a ban on competing.

Military personnel must also be sure that they are not placing their career at risk by taking anabolic substances.

Athletes should make sure they are working out correctly to maximize their gains. They should avoid long workouts and excessive weight training that can cause injury.

While a good exercise program can increase the growth of muscles, it is also important to get plenty of rest.

This will allow your muscles to recover from the stresses of high-intensity training and give you the opportunity to replenish your stores of carbohydrates, protein, and other nutrients.

It is therefore important to find a qualified fitness trainer who can design an exercise program that fits your goals and lifestyle.

They will be able to help you determine the right exercises to achieve your desired results and ensure you stay safe during and after your workouts.

The effects of testosterone on muscle growth and strength are well established in male athletes. In a study of F2M transmen, for example, testosterone treatment increased muscle mass by 19.2% and strength by 18.3%.

Increased Strength

Testosterone is essential for both male and female reproductive organs, and a deficiency in the hormone during fetal development can lead to androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS).

This condition prevents genital growth and can result in infertility in adulthood.

It is also needed to grow and maintain muscle mass, which is essential for athletic performance.

Testosterone is often used to treat certain medical conditions, such as low testosterone in men with a history of prostate cancer.

As the name suggests, testosterone has a number of other important roles in the body, including regulating sexual function and maintaining bone density. It also plays a role in cognition, particularly spatial ability and memory.

The most well-known effect of testosterone on athletic performance is its impact on strength and power. Strong muscles are more energy-efficient, which can help athletes perform more efficiently during longer endurance events.

A 2010 review published in the Sports Medicine Journal outlines the importance of testosterone and its effect on promoting muscle size and strength when combined with resistance training.

However, there are many other factors that can affect an athlete’s performance. For example, the right nutrition can be just as important to a high-performance athlete as muscular strength.

In addition, the type of exercise performed may have a major effect on strength. Some exercises are better for increasing total strength or strength in specific ranges of motion, while others do not.

Generally, the most efficient way to increase overall strength is to use a mix of strength training styles. These include isolation and compound exercises.

Another important consideration is the type of resistance or weight used for a particular lift. Lighter weights are more likely to yield greater gains in strength.

The best way to build muscle is to focus on strength training that utilizes multiple muscle groups and maximum leverage. Examples of such exercises are bench presses, pull-ups and shoulder press.

In addition, it is important to remember that increasing strength relative to muscle size is a complicated process and that not all types of training are useful for building muscle.

In particular, both high-velocity strength training and partial range of motion strength training are not useful for increasing muscle mass.

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Increased Endurance

Endurance is one of the pillars of athletic performance and can improve your ability to sustain a certain amount of physical activity without becoming fatigued or exhausted.

Increased endurance can help you perform a variety of exercises with less fatigue and discomfort, from running to lifting weights.

In general, athletes can increase their endurance through a variety of different methods and with the right training, they can build a solid foundation for their fitness goals.

Some people may focus on increasing their cardiovascular endurance, while others might try to train for muscular endurance.

Research shows that testosterone can increase endurance, although we must be cautious as there isn't a large number of studies available.

This is because testosterone can increase the number of red blood cells which are required to carry oxygen and take away waste products.

There's further inmfomratyion regarding testosterone and endurance, here.

Cardiovascular endurance is an important component of all endurance exercises, as it allows your body to use oxygen efficiently for prolonged periods.

It can also decrease the risk of injury when you participate in long-distance activities like walking or running.

To increase your endurance, start by choosing an exercise that directly relates to your athletic goal.

This is crucial to ensure that you are focusing your training efforts on what will produce the best results for you.

Muscular endurance can be built through a variety of training methods, including strength training and resistance training.

Lifting heavy weights in a variety of rep ranges, using low-rep, high-rep sets and decreasing your rest time between sets will all contribute to increasing your muscle endurance.

Another great way to improve your endurance is through interval training, which consists of short intervals of high-intensity exercise followed by longer periods of rest between each round of intense exercise.

This type of exercise is ideal for athletes looking to improve their endurance, as it allows them to maximize their workouts while reducing the risk of injury.

As with any type of exercise, incorporating proper nutrition, rest and balance into your endurance routine will keep you healthy and avoid the detrimental effects of overtraining.

If you are new to endurance training, begin slowly and gradually increase your workload over time so that your body can adjust to the changes and avoid a plateau.

If you are a beginner to endurance training, be sure to consult a professional before embarking on this workout. The trainer will be able to tailor your plan to your needs and ensure you are working on the best exercises for you.

They can also recommend a cool-down stretching routine to reduce your risk of injury and prevent muscle loss while you are training.

Increased Coordination

Coordination is the ability to orchestrate multiple movements at once. This is important for athletic performance, but it can also be beneficial in everyday life.

If you can keep your joints in sync when walking or running, for example, it can reduce the risk of injuries.

Similarly, a person's proprioception (the ability to perceive where the body is in space) can be improved through coordination training.

This is especially helpful for people who have trouble balancing on one leg while walking, because the increased coordination can help them avoid falls.

Another way that coordination relates to athletic performance is that it increases the number of muscles activated during a movement. This can result in greater strength and endurance.

Athletes who train with coordination exercises can use more of their muscle fibers, which means they'll be able to work harder and longer without feeling weighed down or exhausted.

As a bonus, coordination exercises can also improve their overall performance in other areas of the sport, such as throwing and hitting.

This is because it enables them to make better decisions in a split second. For example, if a basketball player has to shoot a basket while avoiding getting stolen by an opponent, they'll need to be able to coordinate their movements.

In addition, if a tennis player is playing racketball, they'll need to be able coordinate their movements and anticipate the path of their partner's swing.

This type of coordination is called proprioception, and it's crucial for athletic success.

Lastly, coordination is critical for athletes because it allows them to adapt quickly and effectively to new situations. For instance, if a player's arm gets caught in the net during a game, they'll need to be able adjust their movements to avoid being injured.

Research published in 2015 by the Frontiers in Neuroscience Journal suggests that there is a correlation between testosterone on brain function and its ability to improve spatial abilities.


Testosterone is a hormone produced by the Leydig cells in the testes of men and the ovaries of women.

It is the main sex hormone and anabolic steroid in males, controlling sex drive, muscle mass and strength, and the development of sperm production.

It also promotes secondary sex characteristics during puberty, such as body hair and voice deepening, while it maintains male organ growth and prevents osteoporosis in men.

In addition, it is known to be protective against heart disease, obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Doping with testosterone is illegal in most sports, as it can cause high blood pressure, heart problems and cancers.

However, athletes may take supplemental forms of the hormone to improve their performance and help with recovery.

Achieving a supraphysiological level of circulating testosterone requires a graded exogenous administration schedule of exogenous steroids for months.

One well-controlled study of postmenopausal women administered methyl testosterone after a period of estrogen suppression showed significant increases in muscle mass and strength.

This increased the circulating testosterone concentration to 7.3 nmol/L, which delivered 4.4% increases in muscle mass and 12% to 26% increases in muscle strength on effort-dependent tests of muscle power (chest and leg press, loaded stair climb).

The sex differences in athletic performance are probably largely due to sex differences resulting from the ergogenic effects of sex difference in circulating testosterone.

Achieving a supraphysiological level is not easy, and suppression of elevated circulating testosterone results in negative effects on athletic performance, but these are reversed when suppressive treatment ceases.

Research has shown that testosterone can increase muscle size, strength, and endurance.

Testosterone is also known to have a positive effect on allostatic regulation, which is the body's ability to balance stress levels and hormone production. It can also boost energy metabolism and motor system function


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