Important Micronutrients for Muscle Growth

Important Micronutrients for Muscle Growth

Written by Ben Bunting: BA, PGCert. (Sport & Exercise Nutrition) // British Army Physical Training Instructor // S&C Coach.


You may be wondering what the most important micronutrients for muscle growth are. While many people think they need to take supplements, you actually can make them yourself with the help of foods that contain these essential nutrients. Many sports nutritionists will tell you that they're vital to achieving your desired muscle growth goals. Here are some examples. Boost your intake of these nutrients for a healthy body. Read on to learn more about them!

Micronutrients and Hypertrophy

Proper muscle growth requires a balance of micronutrients in the diet. These essential vitamins and minerals are required in minute quantities, but are often neglected in our daily diets. They are essential for proper muscle development, and many athletes have increased their needs because of their sports-related activities. In this article, we'll take a look at the importance of magnesium, zinc, and vitamin D amongst others in the diet.


Magnesium, a mineral that contributes to the formation of bones, is found in small amounts in most foods. About 50-60 percent of magnesium is found in bones, while the rest is present in soft tissues. Only about 1 percent is found in the blood. Most foods contain some magnesium, but it is particularly abundant in dairy products, meat, and fish. It also occurs in significant amounts in green vegetables. Magnesium is essential to the production of the antioxidant glutathione. In addition, magnesium also helps improve sleep quality and contributes to the repair of muscle tissue while you're sleeping.


In addition to building muscles, iron helps prevent cramps and unnecessary injuries, as it promotes the relaxation of the muscles. In addition, it also provides the necessary oxygen needed for muscle function. Without adequate oxygen, muscles cannot function properly. Iron is also important for regulating metabolism and burning body fat. Iron is found in meat, poultry, fish, and fortified whole grains.


Calcium is essential for strong bones, but did you know it's also an essential micronutrient for building muscles? The regulation of calcium is essential for the proper contraction of muscle. A representative of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Jim White, says calcium is the jumpstart to each muscle contraction. In addition, calcium regulates the release of hormones such as testosterone, which contributes to muscle growth. You can find calcium in dairy products, cruciferous vegetables, and fish with bones.

Calcium is a crucial mineral for bone strength and regulates hormones that stimulate muscle growth. A sportsperson or strength trainer should incorporate copious amounts of calcium into their diet. It also plays an important role in fat loss and weight loss, so athletes should include dairy products in their daily diet. Other food sources of calcium include cruciferous vegetables, fish with bones, and dairy products. Calcium supplements should only be taken on the advice of a dietitian.


Zinc is a mineral that can be found in meat, poultry, and shellfish. Oysters are one of the richest sources of zinc, with five times more than the recommended daily allowance. Vegetarians can also consume shellfish and nuts, and they can include a protein-fortified supplement if they don't eat meat. Zinc may also help improve recovery from physical training.

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Vitamin C

In addition to macronutrients, your body needs certain micronutrients to support muscle growth. Vitamin C is an essential nutrient, while vitamin E helps mineralize your bones and increase bone density. Bone health plays a significant role in the effectiveness of your strength training workout. Bones support muscles and protect internal organs, so a lack of Vitamin C can make your workouts less effective. Vitamin C is also important for tissue repair and growth, as well as maintaining your immune system. Common sources of Vitamin C include citrus fruits, berries, and broccoli.

Vitamin C boosts red blood cell production

While there is still a lot of debate about whether Vitamin C can help increase muscle growth, the answer is a resounding yes. The antioxidant vitamin boosts the production of red blood cells in the body. Erythropoietin is a hormone produced by the kidneys that prompts stem cells in the bone marrow to produce new red blood cells. In addition to Vitamin C, the body needs other nutrients such as cobalt, folic acid, and riboflavin to create red blood cells.

Vitamin C is essential for the production of collagen, a protein essential for connective tissue and wound healing. It also protects the body from free radical damage and serves as an antioxidant. Vitamin C is a particularly good anti-inflammatory, and has been shown to protect the immune system. It also has an anticarcinogenic effect in animal studies. But how does Vitamin C boost red blood cell production? Here are some of the benefits it provides.


Selenium, a mineral, is also an important micronutrient for muscle growth. Selenium helps the body produce red blood cells, which carry oxygen to the muscle tissues. In addition, it regulates the immune system and promotes healthy metabolism. In addition, you can get selenium from seafood and other plant sources.

Selenium and zinc work well together because they increase testosterone levels in the body, which is the primary cause of muscle bulk. Foods rich in selenium include Brazil nuts, soy, and fortified cereals. 

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 plays a key role in muscle growth and maintenance. This vitamin helps the body produce red blood cells, which carry oxygen to muscles. In addition to muscle growth, it also plays an important role in hormone regulation. 

Vitamin D boosts immune system

Vitamin D is a vital nutrient for the body, not only for bone health but also for muscle growth. It helps the immune system by activating T cells, which attack foreign pathogens and help the body fight infection. Vitamin D is essential for muscle growth and health in many ways, including enhancing the immune system and decreasing inflammation. But what are the benefits of vitamin D for the immune system? Here are some of the most important benefits of vitamin D.

Inadequate vitamin D can lead to osteomalacia, an adult version of rickets. People with osteomalacia suffer from unrelenting bone pain, muscle aches, and weakness that make it impossible to train or exercise. Moreover, this deficiency can lead to weight gain, especially in people who are overweight. This is because excess fat absorbs vitamin D and cannot nourish bones.

Potassium & sodium aids in muscle contraction

In the human body, potassium is essential for muscular contraction. It is found in larger amounts inside the cells than outside them. Potassium and sodium are both electrolytes. This means that they carry an electrical charge, and a large difference in the two concentrations leads to the resulting membrane potential. In addition to aiding in muscle contraction, potassium is also necessary for the proper functioning of enzymes. One such enzyme is pyruvate kinase.

Besides aiding in muscle contraction, potassium also regulates fluids and regulates blood pressure. It also aids in the synthesis of proteins and amino acids. It also functions in carbohydrate metabolism. Potassium converts glucose into glycogen that can be stored in the liver for future energy. Potassium also aids in normal growth and building of muscles. While sodium is a highly conserved mineral, potassium is not. Your kidneys continue to excrete potassium as needed. It is also important for the heart and nervous system.

Fish oil/Omega 3

Research shows that consuming adequate amounts of fish oil/Omega 3 helps to increase protein synthesis, which is essential for building and maintaining muscle. This process occurs when your body converts protein into fuel for your muscles. In a recent study, researchers from Washington University gave nine healthy men and women 4 grams of fish oil daily for 8 weeks, and measured their muscle protein synthesis rates. Those who took fish oil supplements reported faster muscle growth and less muscle breakdown than those who took a placebo.

The benefits of Omega-3s are well documented. They are anti-inflammatory and may help you reduce muscle soreness after a hard workout. Many people don't realize that delayed onset muscle soreness can drastically affect training ability. Omega-3s also reduce muscle pain. In addition, they can help improve the body's function and allow it to burn fat more effectively.

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